International Umpires Seminar 7 en 8-02-2014

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International Umpires Seminar 7 en 8-02-2014

Bericht door Ruben » 03 apr 2014, 15:10

Hier een verslag in het Engels van het seminar dat februari j.l. gehouden is in Toulouse, Frankrijk.
Het gaat hier om notities en niet om daadwerkelijke beslissingen en definitieve regelgeving.
De regels zijn dus NIET aangepast.
Dit alleen dus ter lering ende vermaak! ... _final.pdf

Voor degene die de link niet willen openen volgt hier het verslag:

Fédération Internationale de Pétanque et Jeu Provençal
Siège Social : 13, rue Trigance – 13002 Marseille (France) Tél. : (33) 4 91 14 05 80
E-mail :
Toulouse: 7 and 8 February 2014
This seminar took place under the chairmanship of Yvon Laurens, President of the FIPJP Umpires Committee, with the participation of Claude Azéma, President of the FIPJP, and Jean-Claude Dubois, President of the FFPJP Umpires Committee, who also provided the supplies – particularly the meals – with the help of volunteers from his club, Toulouse Pétanque Olympique.
The seminar began on Friday morning and atthe beginning of the afternoon with a meeting of the International Umpires Committee in the presence of Messrs. Masset (Belgium), Pegg (England), Saladin (Switzerland) and Théron (France). They were joined by all the other umpires as and when they arrived.
As well as those named above, the following were present: Christiane Glé and Evelyne Chapillon (France), Florence Plent (Monaco), Marina Torbidoni (Belgium), Alex Che Chao-Yen (Taiwan), Pedro Serrano (Spain), Roland Armand, Patrick Dessay, Didier Basso, Patrick Grignon, Didier Jandard, Jean-Paul Laborie and Dominique Lebots (France), Adrianirina Rabearijao (Madagascar), Sheik Ismail Bin Sheik Silan (Malaysia), Hassan Moujahid (Morocco), Jean-Luc Fuentes (Monaco), Abdou Fall and Amar Cheikh (Senegal), Narong Kitudom (Thailand) and Imed Bouzriba (Tunisia). Two new European umpires were also invited: Mr Schmittt and Patrick Bugeat (France).
As four of the umpires only spoke English – the international rules provide for this exam to be taken in either French or English – the President, Claude Azema, translated the comments of the various participants both ways.
The Committee first decided to delete from the list appearing on the FIPJP website all the umpires who were over the age limit, but only for world competitions, i.e. 65 years of age. There were nineteen of them. Four umpires who were no longer active in their own country were added, but the federations concerned, Belgium, France and Sweden, will be asked for confirmation, even though those concerned will retain the benefit of their grade.
The case of a few others whose attitude or work at world games they were umpiring was not satisfactory will be forwarded to the Executive Committee, so that they are not selected by the FIPJP in the future.
The Committee took note of the first European umpires’ examination. It was based on those organised for the past few years by the Confederation of Asia, which was rather proud of that. The candidatures for the international umpires’ exam should eventually be approved by the continental confederations in order to avoid any that are clearly unsuitable and/or not of sufficiently high level.
The problem of the renewal of these officials in Switzerland was raised by Mr. Saladin. On the other hand, the President stressed that most of the trainees he had taught at courses he had held in English in 2013 – particularly in Indonesia and Lithuania – were of a remarkable level; indeed, their high quality perfectly matched the criteria which the FIPJP wanted to promote. Nevertheless, such courses could
only lead to the award of an international diploma, as the FIPJP exam is only for the qualification of international umpire. Those interested take tests – both written and practical – the results of which are communicated to their federations, which can then draw their own internal conclusions.
Once all the umpires had arrived, Yvon Laurens set out the agenda for the two days. He emphasised that the seminar would consist not of speeches but of exchanges and debates, not only on the texts but also on the attitude of umpires – which, for him, was an essential issue.
At first there appeared to be varying interpretations of certain articles of the regulations, but not everyone had the same text, as the one appearing on the FIPJP website was not necessarily the right one, with differences between the French and the English. That was particularly the case of article 7, concerning the throwing of the jack, and of the interpretation of article 23 on boules that are not played in accordance with the rules. A revision will be carried out in the two languages and the corrected version – including with new proposals to put before the Executive Committee and the International Congress – will be put on the website with a reference date.
During the general discussion on the subject on Friday afternoon, as well as after the three working groups held on Saturday morning, for which specific themes had not been given, the participants formulated a large number of proposals.
Concerning the throwing circle
- Provision should be made for a prefabricated circle to be marked
- Given the advantages of resorting to a prefabricated circle, especially for umpires, the rule should be laid down that if such a circle corresponds to a model approved by the FIPJP, it must be accepted when it is brought by a player and not only when it is provided by the organisers.
- As regards moving the circle back, a distinction had to be made between: the correct interpretation of the text appearing on the website and which allows the circle to be moved back but not so far as to make it possible to throw the jack from the maximum possible distance. Thisrequires allowing the opponents, in the event of three invalid throws by the first team, to move the circle back even further, but not to move it forward again; the interpretation of the phrase to mean that the team moving the circle back would be required to go far enough to be able to throw from all the distances within the regulations. This leads to the second team not being allowed, in the event of three invalid throws by their opponents, to move the circle in their turn.
Concerning the jack:
- The President first explained why the Obut jack, which could be picked up with a magnet, had been approved. In fact, the wording and effect of the relevant sentence of article 3, which says that jacks should not be capable of being picked up by a magnet, concerns only painted jacks. The Obut jack is not painted but died in bulk. In any case, as it only contains a few oxide particles there is no risk of electrolysis.
- In addition, participants are reminded that jacks made of approved synthetic materials must carry a visible label.
- A number of umpires nevertheless drew attention to the danger of jacks that were too heavy. The President also raised the problems posed by jacks that were too light, in terms both of throwing them and of their behaviour, which had led the FIPJP to impose wooden jacks at the world championships.
It will therefore be proposed to state in the regulations that jacks, whatever they are made of, must weigh between 10 and 18 grams, and that this restriction can be retroactive for synthetic jacks that
have already been approved. That would be added to the rules of play and to the manufacturing specification.
- It seemed illogical that, when an «end» was cancelled because a team had made three invalid throws at the start, to the advantage of the opposing team, to keep to this order for the following end. In fact, the team that has lost the throw after its three invalid throws has already been penalised, and it would be further penalised without reason even though it would not have committed a new fault. This team should therefore recuperate the end so long as it scored last, or won the toss.
- It was suggested that, in article 8, the term «player» should be replaced by «opponent», so that the throw of a jack stopped by a partner counts in the three possible throws.
- An initial debate took place on the issue of whether the number of throws in twos should be replaced – and not to just one in order to limit the «back luck» element in a throw – and to standardise the placing of the jack thereafter by the opponent. This was the practice in time-limited games, admittedly without its ever having been written into the regulations.
Substantive change:
- Another major discussion took place on a proposal by Yvon Laurens, who had suggested that it would be more logical if the jack were thrown by the team that had not scored, which would then however continue to play first. In fact, the current rule consists of giving an advantage – sometimes a choice of piste; always a choice of distance – to the team that has scored, whereas, in most other sports, the team that has the most points takes the dominant position – albeit provisionally – in the match.
- Having examined the advantages and disadvantages of this «minor revolution», as it was called, the majority of the participants were in favour, believing that it would make the sport more interesting without penalising anyone, since the throwers would always alternate. A working group consisting of umpires, players (especially) and managers could study the subject and trials could be held.
Concerning the issuing of cards and article 23:
- It was proposed unanimously that recourse to the issuing of cards should appear in the regulations when the fault that they were sanctioning was mentioned.
- A paper should even be written on the subject of the conduct of umpires: attitude, behaviour, manner of intervening, role ... or provisions should be added to the international umpiring code
- As drafted, article 23 renders useless any application of the rules that mentions other sanctions, particularly warnings, as it provides for the cancellation of any boule that has not been played in accordance with the rules, which is very wide. It also deprives the umpire of any margin of appreciation.
It should be amended so that it applies only in the event that the regulations do not provide for specific sanctions.
Concerning the suspension of matches:
- In time-limited matches, the unwritten rule is that a player may only leave the terrain when he has no more boules left to play and the time is continuing to run. That means that the match continues and that if he has not returned when it is his turn to play, he has one boule cancelled every minute. The group was of the opinion that this rule should be introduced for all competitions. It would be easy to check since the umpire must be called before a player is allowed to leave the terrain.
- It would be a good idea to try out at the world championships the time-out rule, which already exists in other boules sports. A coach could be given the opportunity in each match – except time-
- The prohibition on smoking should be extended to electronic cigarettes.
- A rule should be included in the regulations that players must wear closed shoes (top, front and back).
- The picking up of a prefabricated circle when a player’s fellow team members still have boules to play must have the same consequences as the picking up of boules by a team: if they still have boules to play, they must be forfeited.
The President presented the various workshops, giving details about:
- ways in which to award points
- the positioning of the umpire, according to the workshop concerned
- the positioning of the linesman, who must thus indicate the circle to be occupied
- which object the umpire must watch most closely.
He also drew the umpires’ attention to:
- the necessity always to look at the linesman before announcing the points
- the prohibition on the linesman to warn a player who has committed a fault
- the possibility for the umpire to go back on his decision if he realises he has made a mistake
- the necessity for the umpire to keep his eye not on the target – and still less on the thrower, as we often see! – but on the principal objects: edge of the circle, jack, obstacle boules…
- the advantage of whitening the edge of the circle in order better to discern whether it has been touched or not upon a throw.
Mr. Bouzriba pointed out that the tendency to call the circle where the objects are placed a «target» led to confusion and was not a good idea. This was a correct observation, which will lead to the withdrawal of this word from the regulations of precision shooting.
The bad drafting of the latter on the French website, which came to light when they were translated into English, led to their being worded and presented differently. The new version is now available on the website.
Yvon began by presenting the history of umpiring and came to what we could call the philosophy of umpiring as the FIPJP would like to see it practised everywhere. That is what guides not only the training or refresher courses that it organises throughout the world, but also the international umpiring examinations.
The following are some essential principles:
- the umpire is not a passive surveyor, but an active element of the sport
- the umpire is the boss on the terrain, but not a policeman; he also has the role of trainer and teacher
- the umpire must be strict but also diplomatic and courteous
- the umpire must show exemplary conduct and behaviour
- while he must know the rules, the umpire must above all know how to apply them judiciously
- the umpire must know how to keep his distance not only from players but also from the organisers and the press.
He then developed his understanding of the function of umpire, based around four themes: competence, calmness, firmness and courtesy – four hallmarks of umpiring.
Competence: Vital for all competitions, the umpire must be an expert on the rules. He has no right to make mistakes in this area.The only thing that is tolerated, as in all sports, is an interpretation of the rules according to individual circumstances, without obviously allowing that to turn into deviation of our rules.
Calmness: In order to gain respect, the umpire must set a good example. He must be exempt from criticism of his appearance: clean, always impeccably turned out. He must also always remain calm and courteous but firm. And, this goes without saying, he must display total integrity vis-à-vis the organisers, officials or representatives of the press. Ignoring comments, jeers and even insults from spectators, he will never criticise publicly the decisions of his peers. Lastly, in the knowledge that he is not there to be liked, he must, by his conduct before, during and after the competition, deserve the respect that is due to him.
Firmness: An umpire’s presence on the terrains must always be very visible. He should not keep a low profile when he officiates in a team. The most senior umpire will place trust in his colleagues without pointlessly playing the boss. Competence is earned, it is not imposed. His interventions will always be carried out calmly, politely and patiently. It is, in fact, very dangerous to add anger to aggressive behaviour. Once his decision has been taken, it must appear thought-out and reasonable. Nevertheless, it must not be forgotten that an intervention is not always the same as a sanction. Always start with dialogue.
Courtesy: Whatever his decision, it must always be announced courteously, without excess, without expressing anger, and without making any disparaging remarks, which adds nothing and can only enflame a situation that might already be quite tense.
There is specific advice for umpiring juniors. Here, the umpire is an adviser; he must educate rather than sanction. There must not be any policing; a sanction will be the exception. On the other hand, the umpire must be aware of the behaviour of those watching, particularly parents and coaches. In order to officiate in a juniors match, it is best to entrust the umpiring to someone who is experienced and can teach.
Even if he has at his disposal a whole range of adequate sanctions, the umpire may sometimes also call for a jury; it is even recommended in certain difficult circumstances or for particularly severe sanctions. Nevertheless, it must never be forgotten that a jury does not have the role of supplementing the umpire; it must not in any case intervene on questions concerning the regulations. And if a serious incident arises, it is the umpire’s duty to draw up a report that is as complete and precise as possible on the facts.
The last point dealt with concerned mistakes by the umpire, prickly question though it is. In fact our sport is no different from any other. Mistakes, if they are not an umpiring fault, are possible and excusable, even though they must remain rare. The implication is that no one should expect himself to be infallible.
In conclusion, the umpire must always be perceived as the person in charge of the competition. The difficulty is how to be respected while remaining accessible. The umpire is an adviser, whose priority must be to educate ratherthan sanction. Mr Laurens asked all those umpires present to promote and encourage the emergence and blossoming of young talent, for there can only be sport and competition if there are umpires, «these men of the shadows who light up the game», as the well-known saying goes.
These two days of intensive work were particularly appreciated by those present, especially because they consisted mainly of exchanges and debates, and not just lectures. The experience will be renewed and the participating umpires, and those who apologised for their absence and would like to do so, will be able to exchange regularly by email. A directory of email addresses will be sent to all the international umpires.
A working group has been set up on the drafting and layout of documents, with Mike Pegg, Patrick Grignon, Gérard Saladin and Alex, so that they can work in both languages.
President Azéma also warmly thanked Jean-Claude Dubois and his team of volunteers from the Toulouse Pétanque Olympique club, who allowed trainees to stay at the work station, i.e. the very beautiful premises of the Haute-Garonne Committee, whose chairman, Michel Le Bot, came to welcome the participants. They took all of their meals there, which were of excellent quality and appreciated even by those who were not particularly familiar with the gastronomy of the South-West.
(translation from Janis Symons, March 21st, 2014)
Ne laisse pas jamais passer une bonne chance de fermer ta gueule

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Re: International Umpires Seminar 7 en 8-02-2014

Bericht door jacpetanque » 03 apr 2014, 18:15

Eerder had ik al een Franse en later een Engelse versie verslag an dit op het forum geplaatst. Zij het onder andere titel!

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